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The El Adem Radio Service, RAF El Adem and Tobruk.

Stories, Views and Comments

ARCHIVE (1).  ARCHIVE (2) ARCHIVE(3) ARCHIVE(4) ARCHIVE(5) ARCHIVE 6

1. John Moir     Obituary Alan Carter.

2. Excerpt from "Wings in the Sun" by ACM David Lee.

3. Ron Sand Wireless Op. 52-54

4. Mike Mayers 1961-62  Guard Duties

5.Michael Bennet-Law (Nephew of GP.Capt Robert Law

6. Email from J K Stanier World Wide Pictures 

7 Doug Bennison Day trip to Port Said from RAF Fayid 1955-56

8. Ian Hepburn ComCen 1964-65

9.Richard Lane Dental Officer 1968-70

10.Christmas with Tears. 1968  John Moir

 

If you have any Stories, Views or Comments that you would like to see published here.

 e-mail:- jsmoir@btinternet.com

 

 


Christmas with TEARS, 1968

By John Moir, TEARS Studio Manager & Announcer, 1967-69

 

For many years now we have been accustomed to 24 hours a day radio and television broadcasts but back in the 60’s it was still not the norm. However, that is exactly what we did at TEARS over the 10 days that spanned Christmas 1968 into the New Year of 1969, from Opening Up at 6.00pm on 23rd December until Closedown at 11.00pm on January 1st 221 hours in all !

 Preparations and discussions would have been made some months before and a full schedule of programmes would have been penciled in well in advance of this mammoth task. The Christmas leave period was generous which allowed those of us TEARS people who remained on the base to spend as much time as they could in the studio. But, with nearly half of the staff taking their leave in the UK it was left to around 15 of us to share the load made up of Announcers (led by Tom Simm), Controllers and Technicians. Those Announcers who would be away during the period were asked to record as many of their regular shows as possible along with Christmas Specials which would be used to great effect to fill in time between ‘live’ broadcasts. Some of these tapes still exist to this day.

10yearsTEARS3.jpg

(L to R) Tom Simm, John Moir & Dave Roberts celebrating 10 Years of TEARSin August 1968

 

The studio had undergone a major refit earlier in the year and was in very good shape thanks to the efforts of John Langley, Derek Airey and Dave Petett who would all be ‘on duty’ at the studio over Christmas with John & Derek also doubling up as Controllers.  As with the Announcers, the Controllers (led by Dave Roberts) and Technicians would also have their own schedules to cover this busy period.

Along with dozens of pre-recorded shows we were also able to fill in some time by taking the regular News transmissions from the BBC World Service and local items from BFBS at Tobruk. With help from the World Service we also managed to present our own programmes covering the busy Bank Holiday Sports schedule but, that still left huge gaps in that 10 day period.

Our regular weekly UK Requests show, hosted by Alan ‘Mouse’ O’Brien, was always popular and ever-present on the TEARS programme schedule.  We received hundreds of requests for messages to be read out and records played from families and loved ones back home.  Mouse collated them all and presented several shows over this Christmas period.  I bet you could guess the most popular records requested – they were Green Green Grass of Home by Tom Jones, Dedicated to the One I Love by The Mamas & The Papas and Sandie Shaw’s There’s Always Something There to Remind Me.

What to do during the ‘wee small hours’ occupied much discussion before we eventually found a solution.  From midnight till 2am we would present a Request Show encouraging our listeners to ‘phone in or call in to the studio with their requests – sometimes personal but mostly for chaps who shared their billet or workplace.Occasionally, I recall, these requests would have to be edited for the sake of avoiding some sort of punch-up occurring on the base !

From 2am till 6 or 8am we would host a Charity Fund raising period which we called Change That Record !  We, in the studio, would choose a track to open up proceedings and we would play that same track over and over again until someone came over to us to ask us to change it.  This, of course, would come at a price.  Once payment had been received they’re record selection was played repeatedly until someone else paid to change it !  Some of the record selections were pretty dreadful as you can imagine and so we, at the studio, would occasionally have to step in  - at a price naturally.

Those of us who were around at the time celebrated loudly when the £100 target was achieved and eventually, at the end of this marathon, £108 had been collected and was sent to Dr.Barnado’s.  That figure may not seem much now but in today’s money is worth over £1,700.

And so Christmas Day arrived and we prepared ourselves for lunch – but not in the Airmen’s Mess !  The TEARS ‘empire’ boasted its own all year round bar, The Excalibar, which was housed in a nearby Twynham formally used for accommodation. The bar had received its own facelift at the same time as the studio in time to celebrate 10 Years of Tears earlier in the year.

Throughout this festive season it remained open, not only for obvious reasons but also to allow those of us who were unwilling ( or unable ! ) to walk back to their billets to have a few hours kip.  A long table had been laid out and decorated suitably for Christmas lunch which was be provided by Head Announcer, Tom Simm who, conveniently enough happened to be a Chef !  Wow ! What a feast we had – fantastic !  A two hour tape recording was playing on the radio so that our lunch would not be interrupted !

Prior to this non-stop broadcasting feat we were also very busy at TEARS.  During the summer of 1968 Derek Airey and Rick Old had built a superb mobile Disco unit using all manner of technical ‘bits and pieces’ that had been hoarded over the years.  In the build up to Christmas this was rolled out extensively at the various Christmas parties and dinner/dances held around the base including the Officers and Sergeants Messes and The Palladium Club.  As well as providing first class entertainment it also provided useful cash (at £10 per gig) with which to purchase additional records for our now extensive library , not to mention the occasional bottle or two for the bar !

Christmas 1968 was a fabulous time, for me personally and, I know, for all the others who experienced it.  Over the past nearly 23 years John Langley and I have managed to make contact with them all and, if any of you have more TEARS stories to tell, please get in touch.  Who knows you may even have been a listener. It would be good to hear from you.

Please contact me at : jsmoir@btinternet.com

TEARS%201967-69%20Reunited.jpg

Some of the 1968 Team pictured at a Friends of TEARS Reunion. From L to R : Ian Berry, Dave Marsden,

John Moir, Alan O’Brien, Pat Turner, Dave Playford, Judy Jones & John Langley.


Richard Lane, Dental Officer, 1968-70

 

Regarding :  Sqn/Ldr Adolf Pravoslav Zeleny MBE

 

You may wonder at the subject of this e-mail but, of course, he is ‘Zeke’ to all of us, of RAF El Adem Desert Rescue fame ! I have recently been approached by Mrs. Eve Spendlove- Brown (Zeke's charming daughter) who asked me if I would help a young Czech author friend of Zeke's, Pavel Vancata, who is attempting to write Zeke's life story - no mean task! She has a mass of autobiographical material recorded by Zeke, but sadly he did not apparently get round to writing up his years in Libya.

Already Pavel has sent me 2 photographs in which I am unable to identify all of the individuals shown. It has occurred to me that your excellent TEARS website with its worldwide membership might be a unique source to help identification of some of the mystery personalities ? I think this is a very worthwhile project as Zeke had an extraordinary and fascinating life apart from his time in Libya and it should be recorded.

 

afrika%20korps%20visit%20tobruk%201968%2001.jpg Group%20with%20Lady%20Be%20Good.jpg

 

Here are the two photos recently sent to me by Pavel which have me stumped. One was apparently during a visit to Tobruk by representatives of the Africa Korps, I guess possibly sometime in the mid to late 60s. It shows Flt/Lt Zeleny on the left and an unidentified Sqn/Ldr on the right, who I do not recognise. The Memorial is to Cpl Edmondson, the Australian VC, in the Tobruk Commonwealth War Grave Cemetery. The Sqn/Ldr is wearing an Engineer’s brevet and he has DFC and MBE ribbons. I perhaps quite incorrectly assume he was a member of RAF El Adem staff, but if so it must have been before my time.

  The other photograph shows Zeke and a team which went out to the Lady Be Good to get parts requested by McDonnell Douglas Co. in USA for research - they brought back an entire engine ! The team list reads: Zeke (obvious, on left), Flt/Lt B.Sellers (second from left, moustache, glasses and no shirt). The rest include Flt/Lt C.Hawes (my predecessor!), S/Sgt M.J.Green, Cpl R.A.Limb, Cpl S.Marks, J/T R.G.Dunstan, L/Cpl M.Gaskell and SAC McGinley. I suspect some were from the MT Section. I wonder if anyone viewing the TEARS website can place any of them ?

 Perhaps you worked alongside Zeke or, maybe, you were a member of the Desert Rescue Team during his time with the team.

 If have any information with regard to Zeke Zelany’s tour at RAF El Adem during the years 1965-1969, please contact John Moir at :   jsmoir@btinternet.com


MY TIME AT EL ADEM AND WITH TEARS, 1964-65 by IAN HEPBURN

 

I was posted to RAF El Adem from RAF Akrotiri early in 1964 until October 1965. Upon arrival I joined TEARS as an announcer and ended up as Chief Announcer (no competition). Names that come to mind are : Barney Whitman (Officer I/c TEARS), ??? Curtis (Controller), Pen Whalley (Controller & Cook), ??? Ingham (Dentist), Dave Bayliss (was he in charge ?) - I think he interviewed me. I interviewed a new Nurse, Betty Murray - we ended up getting married at El Adem. The RAF did us proud.
Memories : I remember helping to sound-proof the studio using egg boxes; interviewing Brian Johnston and Marty Wilde.
I played drums in a group - Bob Humphries was lead guitarist. I played representative football, tennis and cricket while I was there and, of course, spent time at the swimming pool.
 

I am not on the Internet but would be delighted to receive any feedback from this.


A DAY TRIP TO PORT SAID FROM RAF FAYID,
SUEZ CANAL ZONE - DURING TROUBLED TIMES
IN 1955 - 1956

Doug Bennison


A tale of two blokes, one who's brother was a crew member aboard the Troopship, "Empire Ken" on the trooping contract to Egypt. A Nile Delta pass/permit was granted and the two of us proceeded to hitchhike from camp along the Suez Canal Treaty Road towards Port Said. Also unarmed, our destination being some 30/40 miles to the north. Soon after, fortunately, a British Army truck gave us a lift quite a fair way, making our way along the deserted desert road, we could make out Port Said, shimmering in the mirage heat haze.

Soon however, we were not alone, we had company, at first a lone piard dog, then another appeared, several more, then a small pack appeared, there being no stones to pick up and throw - its all sand our only protection was a camera in a leather case with a strap to swing around - not a lot of good!! these dogs are getting nearer and nearer, bigger and bolder its almost midday,  its baking hot ,we have no water, food either.  Normally the Treaty Road is quite busy with traffic.

Fate takes over, we get a lift all the way to the Dock Gates, show our pass and we are allowed aboard the "Empire Ken" troopship and meet up.

Later time to go and take our leave, each armed with a carton of 200 D/F cigarettes, we exit the Docks, to retrace our route back to camp. We are aware the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty is ending in 1956 and the natives are getting restless, and want the British out, there is trouble and riots in places like Alexandria and Cairo, but optimistic, we are, "All right Jack" we make our way towards the outskirts of the town. We are walking along a well built up Sharia (street), when children begin to throw little stones at us, then bigger children throw bigger stones, then it becomes a small mob. My pal is hit on the head, a small cut and its bleeding , we are now running for our lives somewhere a door is opened, we are beckoned in for our safety.

Saved, out of breath, our host allows us time to recover, the screaming and shouting gradually fading away, the coast appears clear, we say our thanks and leave and rejoin the Treaty Road. Hitchhiking, its now late afternoon, again we are lucky to get a lift that drops us both off at our RAF Camp, offering grateful thanks.

Eventually posted from the 'Promised Land' to RAF El Adem , no more guard duties and unlimited trips to the seaside, and still 9 months plus of sunshine - such bliss! Tour and RAF service soon expiring, time to return for demob and back within the family fold.

Memories Forever


By email from J K Stanier ,30th January 2014.

Dear Sir.

I was an unwilling visitor to R A F El Adem around , I believe , 1962/3 ? We had flown in from the UK en route to Aden and had a refueling stop there.We were a film crew from World Wide Pictures, London, set to photograph the British Army in action against insurgents in Aden. I well remember how we all felt about being at the airbase after six long hours in a lumbering old Brittania from RAF Transport Command. we could at least get a cold beer... Heaven ...Our crew consisted of about ten people from various backgrounds but we were all from London, UK and all held honorary officer ranks ( then the equivalent of being "embedded" ) We were all very patriotic and we all felt a sense of pride that the old country had an arm that reached out as far as this desolate piece of desert ( or Empire if you like ) since many of us had not been outside the UK this was indeed an adventure for a nineteen year old from South London. After we had finished filming our soldiers confronting Arab insurgents and ,incidentally meeting that crazy Major ' Mad " Mike at Kohrmaksar we once again staged through El Adem en route to England. As we departed ,I wondered if I would ever return, since in the Film Buisness you never know..!!! Well, I personally never did , that is until i visited the old place on Google Earth..

Sincerely.

John Stanier BSC.


REGARDING GROUP CAPTAIN ROBERT LAW

I've just read your excellent piece (in the Editorial Section) about my uncle, Robert Law and would very much like a copy to show to my mother (Robert's brother's wife).

I listened to the radio clip of you broadcasting on TEARS on the home page…fascinating – and a much valued service, I’m sure. I regret that my partner and I can’t attend the reunion, as we’re already booked with our orchestra over that weekend – but thank you very much for your kind invitation.

I hardly knew Uncle Robert, sadly, as I grew up in East Africa (where my father was a judge) and Robert had retired to Cornwall. He and Aunt Norah were was always very kind to me as a child when I did meet them. In fact, he was my Godfather, I believe. Robert’s two sons are Charles and Peter, a banker and lawyer respectively. I remember that my father always spoke with awe about his brother’s remarkable wartime service, although I didn’t know much about that either until I read Robert's obituary in The Times. I understood from family members that Robert (and perhaps especially his wife, who had lost her first husband in the war (he was also in the RAF)), didn’t really like to speak much about the war.

Many thanks for your help.

Michael Bennett-Law


GUARD DUTIES

E-Mail from Mike Mayers El Adem 1961-62,

Hi John,

Re Joe Cowe photograph in which he looks ready for guard duty. I did lots of guards and never did we dress up in best KD. Just turned up at the Guard Room in working blue or KD. In winter wrapped in a blanket to keep warm. Some guards looked like they were in the retreat from Stalingrad. Legends were built up around Orderly Officers trying to creep up on Bomb Dump Guards and coming to grief. There must be lots of tales about guards at El Adem, lets hear about them from our members.

Michael Mayers.


Book "Forgotten Voices"

I have just finished reading a really fascinating book that makes you realise what it is like to take part in a war.  It also will be of particular interest to men who served in the armed forces after WW11. in the near east, Egypt or Libya.

The book is called "Forgotten Voices-Desert Victory", in association with the Imperial War Museum. It is by Julian Thompson and it was published in 2011 by Edbury Press. Most of it consists of descriptions of events by men who took part in the fighting.  All ranks in the British, Italian and German armed forces. I am sure that your library can find a copy.

Ron Sand.

Wireless Op. 1952-54


OBITUARY  ALAN CARTER        Station Navigation Officer, 1963-65

 

It is with great personal regret and sadness that I have to report the death of Alan Carter on 24 August 2012.  He passed away peacefully at his home in Gloucestershire following a cancer related illness.

He became a member of The Friends of TEARS during its first year in 1992 and was ever present at all 10 Reunions and travelled with us back to El Adem and Tobruk on our 2nd Nostalgia Trip in 2005.

During his time at RAF El Adem he was also a member of the Desert Rescue Team.  The Friends of TEARS benefited higely from his experience and wide knowledge of the area including the earlier discovery of The Lady Be Good and its subsequent recovery from the desert.  He was able to give us an excellent presentation on the subject at our 8th Reunion in 2008.

He was thrilled to have been asked to be our Toastmaster at our first two Reunions and over the years had become known for his amazing ability to tell a tale or two – that in itself is a huge understatement.  He would often ‘hold court’, well into the night to many eager listeners and I’m sure there are some out there who will remember those stories, and the occasional jokes, relating to his experiences.

He always held The Friends of TEARS in such high regard.  He must have received many invitations to attend this and that reception or other event but would always place the TEARS Reunions at the top of the pile.  “It’s very special”. He once told me.

 I guess it takes someone who is really special to reduce an entire family to tears as this news did this morning.  He thought a lot of us Moirs it seems – as we did you, Alan.

Part of Alan’s duty as Station Navigation Officer was to act as navigator in the Pembroke, the station aircraft at El Adem at that time.  His dear friend who passed away earlier this year, Roy Langstaff, OC Flying / Ops., was the pilot.

 If you believe in a life beyond, as I do, what a reunion that will be !

 God Bless you Alan, thanks for the memories – they will live long with us all.

(There will be a cremation service for FAMILY ONLY on Thursday next (30/08) followed by a Memorial Service on Friday 31st. August at 2.00pm at Northleach Church in Gloucestershire (GL54 postcode area).

 John Moir

 

 


Except from the book 'WINGS IN THE SUN' A History of the Royal Air Force in the Mediterranean 1945-1986

Author Air Chief Marshal Sir. David Lee

North African Stations

The North African coastline from Egypt through Libya to Tunisia had been fought over many times by the Allied and Axis Powers when World War 11 ended in 1945. The desert was littered with wrecked tanks, vehicles, aircraft and the debris of war. Hundreds of temporary airfields and airstrips had been hastily constructed, occupied, abandoned and occupied again as the battle raged backwards and forwards along the coastline. Finally, as we know, the Axis forces were driven from the African continent in 1943 and pursued through Sicily and up the length of Italy.

Clearly the majority of the landing grounds, which were little more than areas of desert roughly levelled and rolled where necessary, were of no value when peacetime requirements came to be considered. It was, however, necessary for the RAF to retain some airfields on this long coastline, if only to relieve the pressure on the Malta airfields which had suffered immense damage during the war, and which was essential, on the only British base in the central Mediterranean, to help fulfil Britain's many post-war responsibilities in the Near and Middle East.

It was therefore decided to establish RAF stations on three captured Italian airfields spread along the coastline, all of which had been Italian Air Force stations that could be rehabilitated without excessive effort and expenditure.

El Adem in Cyrenaica had housed Italian fighter squadrons for the defence of Tobruk, a major support port. Situated some 20 miles inland from Tobruk, it was well located for supply purposes and possessed reasonable runways and technical facilities, although greatly in need of repair. Benina, also in Cyrenaica, was less well developed but, nevertheless, had sufficient potential to be built up into a useful secondary airfield. Further to the west, in Tripolitania, the best available airfield was undoubtedly Castel Benito. Situated close to the port of Tripoli, it also had been an important Italian Air Force base, well equipped with runways, good if damaged accommodation and easy access to a major port for supply purposes.

The best of the three airfields was undoubtedly El Adem which was well sited to serve the reinforcement route between the Far East and the UK if the more sophisticated airfields on Malta, notably Luqa, were overloaded. Nos 4601, 4602, and 4613 Airfield Construction Flights were sent to El Adem in addition to 5577 Artisan Flight and 5718 Mechanical and Electrical Flight. Although extensively fought over during the war, the airfield was in fairly good order but much work was needed on the wiring, fuel installation, plumbing and accommodation.

As the work at El Adem and Castel Benito neared completion, a self-contained staging post was formed on each station. That at El Adem was categorised as a 'B'~ class staging post, established to handle 10 to 20 aircraft per day, while Castel Benito rated a 'C' class category, capable of handling up to 10 aircraft per day. In practice these theoretical quotas were greatly exceeded and, for example, El Adem handled more than 900 aircraft a month during the last quarter' of 1945. With a posted strength of 401 officers and airman in October 1945, this was a heavy quota of aircraft to service, refuel and despatch. Not surprisingly some discontent arose among the El Adem airmen, as elsewhere in the Command and in the Far East. Daily contact with thousands of homeward bound troops passing through the station was infectious, and a few demonstrations against the tardiness of repatriation were held; they were not regarded as mutinous and were quickly quelled, but they served as an encouragement to the authorities to speed up the demobilisation process as much as possible.

Developments at El Adem

As the years moved on, the functions of El Adem and Idris tended to polarise. Idris developed into a station largely devoted to aircraft and equipment trials, detachments from UK squadrons and others to use the range facilities, and as a destination for overseas training flights.

El Adem, on the other hand, remained basically a staging post, catering for' large numbers of transient transport and other aircraft. During 1946 the repatriation of personnel from the Far East decreased markedly and what had been a heavy commitment for the station fell sharply away. It was, however, replaced by increased numbers of scheduled flights by Transport Command aircraft which frequently used El Adem to relieve the load on the Malta airfields- Luqa in particular. BOAC also found it a valuable stopping point for a number of their services to the Middle and Far East.

For some years from 1950 the station settled down to the typical routine of a staging post with an average personnel strength of some 300. An indication of the work load can be gained from the figure of 183 aircraft serviced and turned round in March 1951. These transient aircraft contained an unusually large number of high ranking officers of all three services as well as a constant flow of diplomats and civilians. One wonders whether any other rest station handled as many VIPs as El Adem at the time, many of them needing overnight accommodation which, happily, was reasonably adequate. A notable visitor was HM The Queen on 1 May 1954, returning with RRR the Duke of Edinburgh from her Commonwealth tour.

At about this time the Air Ministry began to consider converting El Adem into a permanent station by building married quarters and other family facilities.

The station had, for some years, been an 'accompanied' posting but the only accommodation for families was in Tobruk, some 20 miles distant. Prices were high and housing was unsatisfactory: there was considerable competition for the better houses and flats with army personnel who were stationed in Tobruk in large numbers.

The plan for married quarters began to take shape in 1955 and the first task was to clear the favoured site of wartime mines and other explosives. At about this time a bombing and air firing range was constructed in the desert on similar lines to the Tarhuna range at Idris. No 5001 Squadron of the Airfield Construction Branch was called in to build the range and, once again, that often unsung branch of the service proved its great value. El Adem was then able to share armament practice camp duties for squadrons in the command and from outside.

1956 was a year of tension for the station as the Suez crisis made itself felt throughout the Middle East. Significantly the existing treaty with Libya did not allow El Adem to be used in any operations against Egypt. Nevertheless Arab feelings in the vicinity of the station ran high and security guards and defences had to be strengthened. These measures could not be extended to the bombing range which, in November, had to be evacuated and was promptly looted and gutted by local Arabs. Efforts were made to wire in the whole station perimeter, but it was a huge task and failed to prevent a number of attempts at sabotage and looting. No serious damage was done, however, and the primary role of servicing transient aircraft was not interrupted.

Departure of the RAF from North Africa

A further 14 years were to elapse before the Royal Air Force finally departed from El Adem and, during that period, it was developed into a comfortable, semi-permanent station but, as so often happened in the Middle .and Far East, political considerations eventually dictated relinquishment of the facilities which had been built up at great cost over many years. However, before withdrawal El Adem had an important part to play as a major staging post as a provider of range facilities for many fighter and bomber squadrons. During 1958, the station handled an average of 4000 aircraft movements a month and so good was the range that 35 Squadron from Bomber Command dropped the first live 1000lb HE bomb on it in March of that year. This provided adequate proof of the safety of the range and thereafter there were many exercises with heavy calibre bombs. Altogether 1958 was a busy year as the RAF took over control of the Tobruk garrison from the Army on 1 April.

Tobruk being a port of considerable importance, responsibility for handling a constant flow of naval as well as merchant shipping fell to the RAF. One considerable advantage which accrued was full control of the many married quarters, flats and hirings in the town where a large proportion of El Adem's families lived and enjoyed a very pleasant existence with sea bathing and good recreational amenities.

A Families Club and a school were opened for the 166 families who lived there, 86 of them in married quarters and 80 in hirings.

Mention must be made of the use of helicopters at El Adem as they played a small but important role in the work of the station. In June 1957 the Station Flight had two Sycamores for Search and Rescue (SAR) duties, working in conjuction with the Marine Craft Unit at Tobruk. They also supported the bombing and air firing range which was in heavy use by squadrons from Malta, Cyprus and the UK. Their ability to ferry casualties rapidly to the British Military Hospital at Benghazi was invaluable, and in 1959 the two helicopters became C Flight of 103 Squadron based in Cyprus. Four years later, 103 Squadron moved to the Far East but the El Adem detachment remained behind as 1564 Flight. Eventually the Sycamores were replaced by the Whirlwind Mark 10 and then the Wessex in the mid 1960s. With little diversion from its routine duties, other than participation in exercises with other helicopters from the UK, 1564 Flight remained at El Adem until the station finally closed in 1969.

Some idea of the workload of the staging post can be gleaned from the figures of passengers handled at this time. In addition to those who passed through with no more than a quick refuelling stop, the station accommodated 1145 night stopping passengers in June 1958, and provided 1050 packed in-flight meals. Personnel staff fluctuated, but an average figure was 62 officers, 120 warrant officers and senior NCOs, 1005 corporals and below and 305 civilians.

This pattern of work continued throughout 1960 and 1961 with more amenities such as a new airmen's c1uro: being opened until, in July 1961, the effects of the Kuwait crisis were felt on the station. No less than 5000 passengers passed through during that month in connection with operations in Kuwait, and this necessitated closing the bombing range temporarily in order to use the range personnel to help out the hard-pressed staging post airmen. As Can be imagined, the flood of aircraft of many different types resulted in unusually high number of faults to be rectified which strained the skilled resources of the station to the limit. But El Adem had been well accustomed to displaying versatility and initiative in dealing with unusual faults in a variety of aircraft, and it handled its part in the Kuwait affair with great credit. Unfortunately, as this particular crisis grauua1ly came to an end, El Adem suffered the worst aircraft accident in its history. On 10 October, a Hastings crashed immediately after take off with 40 passengers of the Royal Engineers. Sixteen soldiers were killed or died of their injuries and a further 20 were injured. The station's crash services worked very well but the accident was so severe that more passengers could not be saved.

The decade of the 1960s was a period of further severe reductions in the RAF. Defence review followed defence review, each one signalling more reductions.

It will be recalled that British forces withdrew from Aden during this period and with preparations well in hand for the departures from Bahrain and Singapore, the inevitable result was that the transport flights using El Adem fell off markedly. Its role as a major staging post decreased and severe cuts in personnel establishments followed automatically. The training role remained, however, and full use continued to be made of the range, but by a reduced number of squadrons. The station which had been built up so considerably during the 1950s now faced a steady decline over a period of some seven or eight years until political events took a hand in 1969. On 1 September a military coup d'etat took place, timed to coincide with the absence of King Idris who was undergoing medical treatment in Turkey. It was a bloodless coup resulting in a Revolutionary Command Council being established in Tripoli. Six days later Great Britain and many other countries formally recognised the new Libyan Government and this signalled an inevitable end to the tenure of El Adem and Tobruk by the British Services.

Relations between the Libyans and the RAF remained friendly and cordial but, nevertheless, there was no question of British forces being allowed to remain in the country for longer than was necessary to arrange an orderly withdrawal.

Certain regulations were laid down by Libya and these included permission for only one aircraft per day to land at El Adem, and this to be checked by local military authorities. Permanent buildings and installations had, of course, to be left in situ but all portable buildings such as Twynham huts and at least one temporary hanger were dismantled and, with all equipment and vehicles, despatched by sea through the port of Tobruk.

The date for final departure was set at 31 March 1970. No difficulty was found in adhering to this date and so, on 28 March, a farewell parade was held, the RAF flag being lowered for the last time. It was a nostalgic moment as the RAF had been at El Adem for some 24 years and converted what had been a rough and poorly developed Italian Air Force base into a comfortable and popular station for those who served there.

Thus came to an end the RAF occupation of airfields on the North African littoral, which dated from before the foundation of the RAF during the Great War, when early military aircraft undertook reconnaissance for the British Army in Egypt. Although relations between Great Britain and Libya have deteriorated seriously in recent years, the RAF can at least say that it left in good order and in an atmosphere of cordiality.

 

 

 

 

 

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